How the Technology in Oil Production Has Evolved Over the Years
The technology in the production oil has not been left behind in advancing as you will read more here. Considering the value of oil to our lives, it is suitable to review the changes that have followed its discovery. Traditionally, people in Mesopotamia used bitumen to make boats and hold earrings, necklaces, and bangles together. The pharaohs in Egypt used the substance to make the pyramids stand tall. Bitumen, asphalt and motor led to increased curiosity about oil among people.
The first method used to extract oil was by digging up the soil to reach the oil. In this site you learn more about how the traditional people used oil to treat diseases, light lamps to increase visibility and keep warm. Little information about oil existence was available at the time as you have seen in this site.
The next advancement in technology came in form of spring poles. This apparatus which was connected to a tree was made popular by the Ruffner brothers with the intention of reaching more salt deeper in the earth. Oil was still not the primary goal but the people believed it could serve several purposes. When steam was introduced to provide energy for the spring pole for the extraction of salt the process became enhanced. A Yale chemist Benjamin Silliman discovered more about how oil could be converted into kerosene that is used for lighting lamps. It is at this point that the society became interested in the commodity and commercial drilling began.
From this website, you will read more about how the need for oil increased significantly. Following the demand; there was an increase in the number of oil fields that were discovered. During the drilling process there were sediments that obstructed extraction of oil and the need for better machinery came up. As a result, a technique called rotary drilling was developed whose head penetrated the hard rock without the need to remove debris regularly. The success of the rig was witnessed in Beaumont Texas where the drill hit a field and a lot of oil started flowing towards the surface. As the world war 1 was set to begin, the demand for this product increased resulting in dire need for improved equipment following strong competition among nations. The most successful development for the rotary drill was the ability to dig deeper.
Right now the world still uses the rotary drill for oil extraction. Besides been in use, the equipment has had significant changes technologically to improve efficiency. Besides that, the rigs are more sophisticated. For example ,as you see here is that one rig can drill multiple oil wells and even move on their own.